SECTION OVERVIEW AND POLICIES
New York State reimburses employees for business use of privately owned automobiles based on the standard mileage allowance established by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). By adhering to this allowance, reimbursements for mileage are not taxable to the employee. Reimbursements above these allowances are taxable to the employee.
Standard Mileage Rates
The IRS website for 2020 mileage information is:
The GSA website for 2020 motorcycle mileage information is:
Mileage rates are as follows:
|Effective Date||Personal Vehicle Standard Rate||Motorcycle Mileage Rate|
|January 1, 2020||0.575||0.545|
|January 1, 2019||0.580||0.550|
|January 1, 2018||0.545||0.515|
|January 1, 2017||0.535||0.505|
|January 1, 2016||0.540||0.510|
|January 1, 2015||0.575||0.530|
|January 1, 2014||0.560||0.530|
|January 1, 2013||0.565||0.535|
|January 1, 2012||0.555||0.525|
|July 1, 2011||0.555||0.480|
|January 1, 2011||0.510||0.470|
|January 1, 2010||0.500||0.520|
Some employees may be entitled to an amount above the IRS mileage rates under certain circumstances as outlined in collective bargaining agreements. For example, some collective bargaining agreements allow for employees to claim an additional $0.07 per mile when using their personal vehicle to transport clients. The additional $0.07 per mile is taxable to the employee.
Process and Transaction Preparation:
Agencies must ensure expense reports properly capture amounts for taxable and nontaxable mileage. This results in two expense lines for mileage:
One for the standard, nontaxable mileage based on the IRS rate, and
One for the supplemental, taxable mileage rate.
Online Business Units
Agencies should use an individual expense line for standard mileage with the expense type of “Mileage - Automobile” and a second expense line for the supplemental mileage with the expense type of “Mileage - Transport Client”.
Bulkload Business Units
Agencies should use expense type Bulkload (Non Tax) for the standard mileage and the expense type Bulkload (Tax) for the supplemental mileage.